He teaches Philosophical Anthropology at the University of Rome Tor Vergata. He studied phenomenology (Fenomenologia. La filosofia come vocazione, Roma 1981) and contemporary Jewish thought, in particolar Rosenzweig, Levinas (Levinas. Soggettività e infinito, Roma 1985), Heschel and the dialogical thought (La soggettività dialogica, Roma 2002; La persona e i suoi volti, (Roma 20032). Baccarini, moreover, is the founder and the director of the on-line journal of philosophy Dialegesthai (http://mondodomani.org/dialegesthai).
Stefano Biancu is Privat-Docent in Ethics at the University of Geneva. He also teaches as adjunct professor at the Catholic University of Milan. He has received a doctorate in Philosophy and Humanities (2006) and in Theology (2010). He has published La poesia e le cose. Su Leopardi (Mimesis, Milan 2006) and numerous essays in volumes and in international journals. He recently edited the volume Il Corpo (with G. Pugliesi, Cittadella, Assisi 2009), Autorità. Una questione aperta (with G. Tognon, Diabasis, Reggio Emilia 2010), Culpabilité et rétribution: essais de philosophie pénale (with A. Bondolfi e F. De Vecchi, Schwabe, Basel 2011).
He is Emeritus Professor of Medieval and Arabic Philosophy at the University of Paris I. He teaches also at the Ludwig-Maximilian-Universität of Munich where he holds the chair Romano Guardini. He was visiting professor at the University of Boston, at the Universidad de Navarra (Pamplona) and at the University San Raffaele (Milan). He is member of the Institut de France (Academy of moral and political sciences). He is author of the following volumes: La loi de Dieu. Histoire philosophique d’une alliance, Gallimard, Paris 2008; Au moyen du Moyen âge. Philosophies médiévales en chrétienté, judaïsme et islam, Flammarion, Paris 2008; Les Ancres dans le ciel ou l’infrastructure métaphysique, Seuil, Paris 2011. The following volumes have been translated into Italian: Il futuro dell’occidente. Nel modello romano la salvezza dell’Europa, Bompiani, Milano 2005; La saggezza del mondo. Storia dell’esperienza umana dell’universo, Rubbettino, Soveria Mannelli 2005; Il Dio dei cristiani, l’unico Dio?, Cortina, Milano, 2009.
He is Full Professor of Philosophy of Science at the Department of Philosophy and Human Sciences at the University of Macerata. He has been von Humboldt researcher at the universities of Würzburg (1988-1989, 2002, 2006), Marburg (2004) and Essen (2010), he is full member of Académie Internationale de Philosophie des Sciences. His most relevant volumes are: Conoscenza e realtà in K.R. Popper (1982), Semantica, ontologia ed ermeneutica della conoscenza scientifica. Saggio su Thomas Kuhn (1986), Paul Ricoeur. Persona e ontologia (1988), Operazionismo ed ermeneutica. Saggio sullo statuto epistemologico della psicoanalisi (1989); Scienza e tecnica. Teoria ed esperienza nelle scienze della natura (1995), Esperimento ed esperimento mentale (2004), Thought Experiment in the Natural Sciences (2008).
He was born in Rosario (Argentina) in 1949. He is full professor of moral philosophy, philosophical anthropology and philosophy of interculturality at the University of Genoa, where he is also Dean of Philosophy and Coordinator of the Doctoral Program in Philosophy. He is a member of the Pontifical Academy of St. Thomas; moreover he is a member of the scientific committee of the Center for General and Applied Ethics (Almo Collegio Borromeo), of the series of Moral Philosophy and the Yearbook of Ethics edited by the Publishing House Vita e Pensiero (Milano) and of the Journal of Philosophy, “Philosophical News”. He has given many lectures and seminars in Italy, at the Universities of Oxford, Notre Dame, Barcellona, Salamanca, Namur, Lugano, Buenos Aires and S. Fé. His main interests are: anthropology and nature, intersubjectivity and culture, norms and virtue in ethics and interculturality. He has written books and articles on Aristotle, Augustine, Aquinas, Hobbes, Christian thought of the twentieth century, and contemporary Anglo-Saxon ethics. His recent books are: Chi è l’uomo? Un approccio integrale all’antropologia filosofica, Rubbettino 2007 and (with M. S. Vaccarezza) Gli altri in noi. Filosofia dell’interculturalità, Rubbettino 2009.
De Anna, Gabriele
Gabriele De Anna is lecturer in political philosophy at the University of Udine. He studied philosophy at Padua (undergraduate and doctoral level) and St. Andrews, Scotland (Master and PhD). He was Visiting Fellow at the Centre for the Philosophy of Science (University of Pittsburgh), Marie Curie Fellow at the University of Cambridge, and professor of philosophy at the University of Bamberg, Germany. His interests are focused on metaphysics, on political philosophy, and on the relations between the two disciplines. He is the author of several books, such as Individuo e persona (Bompiani, Milano 2007, with G. Boniolo and U. Vincenti), and Causa, forma e rappresentazione (FrancoAngeli, Milano 2010). He has edited several collections of essays, including Evolutionary Ethics and Contemporary Biology (Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 2006).
De Caro, Mario
Associate professor of moral philosophy at the University of Roma Tre; since 2000 he is also professor at Tufts University. He has been visiting scholar at MIT and Fulbright fellow at Harvard University for two years. He is vice-president of the Italian Society of Analytical Philosophy. He is member of a series of scientific committees of various international journals. He has given many lectures in Italy, France, Spain, German, Switzerland, United States. He is author of Dal punto di vista dell’interprete (Carocci 1998), Il libero arbitrio (Laterza 2004), Azione (Il Mulino 2008), he has edited a series of anthologies, as Naturalism in Question (with D. Macarthur Harvard University Press 2004/2008), Normativity and Nature (Columbia University Press 2009) and Philosophy in an Age of Science (Harvard University Press, being published). He is interested in Ethics, Philosophy of action, naturalism and free will.
Andrea Favaro teaches Philosophy of Law at the Faculty of Canon Law of the Studium Generale Marcianum, Venice. He is a lawyer and director of the journal L’Ircocervo. Rivista elettronica italiana di metodologia giuridica, teoria generale del diritto e dottrina dello stato (www.filosofiadeldiritto.it – www.lircocervo.it). He is member of various scientific committees of foundations, institutes and journals. He has collaborated with the University of Padua, the University of Turin, the Pontifical Gregorian University, the University of the Holy Cross, the Grand Valley State University, l’Université Paris 1 Panthéon – Sorbonne e la Katholieke Universiteit Leuven. His research is focused on the fields of legal epistemology, the general theory of law and canon law with particular emphasis on theoretical and practical issues related to the crisis of sovereignty and democracy, and to the paradigms of rationality and autonomy.
Philippa Ruth Foot (Owston Ferry, 3 October 1920 – London, 3 October 2010), daughter of William Sydney Bence and Esther Cleverland Bosanquet (who was the daughter of Grover Cleveland, the President of the United States), is one of the most influencial and original moral philosopher of the last century. She got her BA (1942) and MA (1946) at the Somerville College of Oxford. She married Michael Foot in 1945 and she began to teach Moral Philosophy at the Somerville, covering many academic roles: Lecturer in Philosophy (1947-1950), Tutorial Fellow (1950-69), Vice-principal (1967-69), Senior Research Fellow (1979-88), and was invested with the title of Honorary Fellow at the Somerville College and at the University of California, Los Angeles. In 1976 she became Full Professor at UCLA, where she held the position of Griffin Professor of Philosophy since 1988. She was President of the Pacific Division of American Philosophical Association. She was invested with the prestigious title of Fellow by the British Academy and by the America Academy of Arts and Sciences. Foot was among the first exponent of “moral realism” or “cognitivism”, the philosophical theory according to which the moral propositions are truth-apts and the values cannot be completely distinguished from the facts. The encounter with G. E. M. Anscombe was very important for her, because she led her to deepen her studies in moral philosophy. Anscombe was teaching Aristotle, while Foot was teaching Plato. They used to discuss a lot about philosophical topics. Right from her first writings, she proved to be critical against anti-naturalism in ethics; according to Foot, there are certain factual features that are inevitably laden with value meanings. By criticising Kant, she claimed against the language of absolute duty and replaced it with the language of virtue and vices taken from Aristotle and Aquinas and reinterpreted in a naturalistic way. In this light, moral judgements are hypothetical (not categorical) inperatives in so far they show interests and desires which inhere in the nature of the subject. Known for her essays collected in Virtue and Vices and Other Essays in Moral Philosophy (University of California Press, Berkeley and Los Angeles 1978 – Clarendon Press, Oxford 2002; a selection of essays is published as Virtù e Vizi, translated into italian by L. Ceri, with an Introduction by L. Fonnesu, Il Mulino, Bologna 2008) and for other many articles appeared in scientific journals, she gave many lectures and conferences in the most important British and American universities. She taught courses as visiting professor in many different American universities, including Cornell University, University of Berkley, MIT, New York University and Princeton. In the collected essays in her honour Virtues and Reasons: Philippa Foot and Moral Theory. Essays in Honour of Philippa Foot (G. Lawrence, R. Hursthouse, W. Quinn (eds.), Oxford, 1995), Rosalind Hursthouse states that Foot is the preeminent modern exponent of the virtue ethics. Following the tradition of Aristotle and Aquinas, Foot insisted that a sound moral philosophy can find its roots only in a theory of human virtues and vices. Foot is also famous for her contributions on specific questions in moral matters, that is abortion and euthanasia. Let’s recall here her 1967 essay “The problem of Abortion and the Doctrine of Double Effect” and the 1977 essay “Euthanasia”. The connection between facts and values is the key issue Foot develops against emotivism and prescriptivism in ethics (cf. “Moral Arguments” (1958), “Moral Beliefs” (1958), “Goodness and Choice” (1961), and “Morality as System of Hypothetical Imperatives”). In her essay “Approval and Disapproval” Foot underlines against the mainstream of analytic moral philosophy the social nature of morality. Even though Foot was always willing to review her positions and to look for a better, sound argument, her moral philosophy shows some constant features: her criticism against emotivism, prescriptivism, utilitarianism, kantism, and her defense of naturalism and of the virtue ethics. Among her most important publications, we can recall Natural Goodness (Clarendon Press, Oxford 2001; La natura del bene, italian translation by E. Lalumera, Preface by L. Fonnesu, Il Mulino, Bologna 2007), Moral Dilemmas and Other Topics in Moral Philosophy (Oxford 2002).
He is Lecturer in History of Philosophy at the Faculty of Education (Catholic University of the Sacred Hearth, Milan). He also teaches at the Institute of applied Philosophy, Lugano and at the European University in Rome. His interests are focused on the relationship between epistemology and theology, Austrian and German thought between the nineteenth and the twentieth century, the relationship between logic and ontology in phenomenology and in analytic philosophy, Bernard Bolzano’s thought. Among his most important volumes we remember Ragione e dogma. Hans Albert critico della teologia (Guida, Napoli 2003) e Il concetto della filosofia in Bernard Bolzano (Isu Università Cattolica, Milano 2006).
Lucio Giuliodori teaches Italian and History of Philosophy at Public Pedagogical University, Moscow. He graduated at the University of Perugia and received his PhD from the Pontifical University St. Anselm with a thesis entitled: Abitare il luogo del confine: Pavel Florenskij e il mondo invisibile. His interests, besides Florenskij’s aesthetics, concern the concepts of tradition and perennial philosophy in Elémire Zolla. He is a member of AIREZ (International Association for Research Elémire Zolla). He has published articles on philosophy, literary and poetic texts.
Stanislaw Grygiel, born in 1934 in Zembrzyce (Poland), studied philosophy and philology at the University of Krakow, Lublin and Leuven. From 1963 to 1980 he is editor of “Znak” and Professor of Philosophy at the Pontifical Faculty of Theology of Krakow. Married with two children, he lives in Rome since 1980. Co-founder and director for some years of the periodical “Il Nuovo Areopago”, is Professor Emeritus of Philosophical Anthropology at the Pontifical John Paul II Institute for Studies on Marriage and Family at the Pontifical Lateran University and director of the Karol Wojtyla chair at the same Institute.
Stanley Hauerwas was born in 1940 in Pleasant Grove, Texas, from a working class family. He studied Liberal Arts at Southwestern University, where he obtained his bachelor degree in 1962. Willing to pursue theological studies, Hauerwas attended Yale Divinity School and graduated in 1965. He also obtained a master degree in Philosophy and Theology and a PhD from Yale University Graduate School. After his studies, in 1968 he taught at Augustana College of Rock Island, Illinois, before he was called to the University of Notre Dame in 1970. He worked in South Bend for 14 years and then moved to Duke University in 1984, where he became “Gilbert T. Rowe Professor of Theological Ethics”. Hauerwas currently teaches at Duke Divinity School. He obtained several academic awards and acknowledgements; he was invitated to give the prestigious Gifford Lectures at the University of Saint Andrew in 2001, and he was named “America’s Best Theologian” by Time magazine on the same year. The University of Edinburgh also entitled him as “Divinitatis Doctor”, the most important British acknowledgment in the field of theological studies. During his education at Yale, Hauerwas studied with James Gustafson and knew the Christina Ethics tradition inaugurated by Niebuhr. Hauerwas has pointed out many times that his following work represents an overcoming of that tradition, due to his study of the Mennonite Theologian John Howard Yoder and of Karl Barth. Also the philosopher Alaisdair MacIntyre played a crucial role in Hauerwas’ education. His stress on the importance of narration, on the role of virtue and his criticism of the theoretical and practical assumptions of liberalism made a permanent mark on the thought of the American theologian. Prolofic writer, Hauerwas defines himself a “Christian Ethicist”; his work is characterized by a strong multidisciplinarity: in his books, Hauerwas makes interact different disciplines, like systematic theology, philosophical theology and ethics, political theory and social sciences, and even medical ethics. He is going to his last course on “Christian Ethics” in the next “Spring Semester” 2012.
He is Full Professor and Director of the Department of Philosophy at the University of North Florida, Jacksonville. He has given many seminars and lectures at the Alpe-Adria University, Klagenfurt, Austria and the Czech Academy of Social Sciences, Praga. He is author of The Power of Dialogue: Critical Hermeneutics after Gadamer and Foucault, (1999); Michel Foucault (2nd edition 2004), Kultura, kritika, dialog (Prague 2006), and the co-edited volume Empathy and Agency: The Problem of Understanding in the Human Sciences (2000).
He is Full Professor of History of Contemporary Philosophy and of Ontology and Metaphysics at the Catholic University of Milan. His interests are: Austrian and German thought between the nineteenth and the twentieth century (in particular Brentano, Meinong and the origins of Husserl’s phenomenology), Scheler’s personalism and its applications, the relationships between phenomenology and philosophy of existence, ontology in analytic philosophy. He is author of a various books and many articles on these topics.
Lynch, Michael P.
He teaches Philosophy at the University of Cunnecticut. He is associate fellow of the Northern Institute of Philosophy at the University of Aberdeen, and of Arché, the Philosophical Research Centre for philosophical studies at the University of St. Andrews. He was a past recipient of a Fellowship of the National Endowment for the Humanities (2009-2010). His interests are focused on epistemology, metaphysics and philosophy of language. He also studied history of philosophy and theory of value. He is author of many books, among them we remember Truth in Context (1998, 2001), True to Life (2004), and Truth as One and Many (2009).
Sante Maletta is lecturer in Political Philosophy at the University of Calabria. Among his main publications we remember Hannah Arendt e Martin Heidegger. L’esistenza in giudizio (2001), Biografia della ragione. Saggio sulla filosofia politica di MacIntyre (2008). He is member of the Italian Society of Political Philosophy and of the International Society for MacIntyrian Enquiry. He is member of the scientific-editorial direction of the journal «Magazzino di Filosofia» and he is secretary of the scientific board of the association “Prologos”. He cooperates with the Institute for the International Education of Students in Milan, with the network Storia e memoria and with the organization Foresta dei giusti nel mondo.
Michele Mangini teaches Philosophy of Law and Ethics in the Department of Law of the University of Bari. He studied liberal theory and virtue ethics at Yale University, NYU, Harvard University, Oxford and Sussex University. His most important works deal with the theory of liberal perfectionism (Il liberalismo forte. Per un’etica pubblica perfezionista, Mondadori, Milano 2004; con F. Viola, Diritto naturale e liberalismo. Dialogo o conflitto?, Giappichelli, Torino 2009). He is currently working on an attempt to suggest to the importance of the Aristotelian “reasonableness” and rhetoric for a contemporary theory of juridical reasoning.
He is a researcher in Psychology at IULM, Milan. He graduated with degrees in Philosophy and in Electronic Engineering, and he obtained a doctorate in Robotics. His interests are focused on consciousness and the psychology of art. For over ten years he has been studying the problem of consciousness and the possibility of creating models of phenomenal experience. He has studied robotics, artificial intelligence, and the psychology of subjective experience. He has held a series of international conferences on natural and artificial consciousness and on the psychology of art. He is the author of Coscienza e Realtà (2001), Psicologia della Percezione Artistica (Milano 2006), Artificial Consciousness (Exeter 2007), L’esperienza. Perché i neuroni non spiegano tutto (Milano, 2008).
He studied at the Universities of Genoa (Italy) and Pittsburgh (U.S.A.). He is full professor of Introductory Philosophy and Theoretical Philosophy in the Department of Philosophy, Genoa University, where he also teaches Philosophy of Science and Methodology of Human Sciences. He is also Vice-chancellor of International Relations and Chair of the Department of Philosophy. He was visiting fellow at the Center for Philosophy of Science, University of Pittsburgh and visiting professor in many universities in the world. He has published many books in Italian and in English, such as: Science, Reality, and Language (State University of New York Press 1995), The Primacy of Practical Reason (University Press of America 1996), The Problem of RealismIdealism and Praxis (Ontos Verlag 2008).
Margarita Mauri is Professor of Moral Philosophy in the Faculty of Philosophy, University of Barcelona. She is interested in moral psychology and focus attention on Aristotle’s practical philosophy, MacIntyre, Murdoch and the virtues in ancient and modern thought. She leads the Reserch Project Στάγειρα, Aristotelian Studies of Practical Philosophy. She has pubished, Bien humano y moralidad (1990), Moral Knowledge in Aristotle’s Ethics (1992), Conocimiento moral; Shaftesbury, Hutcheson, Hume, Smith, Brentano, Scheler,Santo Tomás (2005), MacIntyre on Natural Law (2008), Self-Respect and Honesty (2011).
Letterio Mauro is Full Professor of History of Philosophy at the Faculty of Arts and Philosophy at the University of Genoa. His interests are focused on various medieval thinkers (in particular Bonaventure and Aquinas) and contemporary ones (Rosmini, Gioberti, Stein, Weischedel), in particular in relation to the topic of reason and faith, and the relationship between music and philosophy from the late middle ages to the modern age.
John Milbank is Professor of Religion, Politics and Ethics at the University of Nottingham, where he directs the Centre of Theology and Philosophy. Co-founder of the movement Radical Orthodoxy, he is the author of numerous books including Theology and Social Theory (1990, 2006), The Word Made Strange (1997), Truth in Aquinas (2001, written with C. Pickstock), Being Reconciled: Ontology and Pardon (2003), The Suspended Middle (2005), The Future of Love (2009), The Monstrosity of Christ (2009, written with S. Žižek). He is currently developing a research on the topic of gift.
Martha Nussbaum was born in New York in 1947. She graduated at the University of New York City, she took a Ph.D. at Harvard under G. E. L. Owen, an expert in the study of ancient philosophy and especially in Aristotle’s thought. She taught at Harvard and later at Brown, where she has received the title of University Professor. She currently holds a Chair of Law and Ethics at the University of Chicago as Ernst Freund Distinguished Service Professor, teaching in the Department of Philosophy, at the Law School and at the Divinity School. She has received honorary degrees from many universities in the U.S., in Europe and in Asia, including the Ecole Normale Superieure, the Emory University and Georgetown. She collaborated with the Nobel Prize economist Amartya Sen, on topics such as development and ethics. The outcomes of these studies have been published in The Quality of Life (Oxford University Press, 1993): this interest has culminated in the foundation of the Human Development and Capability Association in 2003. Among her many books, we remember La fragilità del bene. Fortuna ed etica nella tragedia e nella filosofia greca (Il Mulino, Bologna 2004), L’intelligenza delle emozioni (Il Mulino, Bologna 2004), Nascondere l’umanità. Il disgusto, la vergogna, la legge (Carrocci, Roma 2005), Coltivare l’umanità (Carrocci, Roma 2006), and her last publication Non per profitto: in difesa dell’umanesimo (Il Mulino, Bologna 2011).
Roger Pouivet, Professor at the Université de Lorraine, Director of the Laboratoire d’Histoire des Sciences et de Philosophie – Archives Poincaré (Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique). Roger Pouivet works mainly in philosophy of art (especially in ontology and metaphysics of art) and in epistemology of religious beliefs. His publications include: Esthétique et logique (Mardaga, Liège, 1996), Qu’est-ce que croire? (Vrin, Paris, 2006, 2nd ed.), Le réalisme esthétique (Presses Universitaires de France, 2006), Qu’est-ce qu’une oeuvre d’art? (Vrin, Paris, 2007), L’ontologie de l’oeuvre d’art (Vrin, Paris, 2010, 2nd ed.), Philosophie du rock (Presses Universitaires de France, 2010), La philosophie de Nelson Goodman (with J. Morizot, Vrin, Paris, 2011). He edited recently (with C. Michon): Philosophie de la religion: Approches contemporaines (Vrin, Paris, 2010), and (with D. Lukasiewicz) The Right to Believe: Perspectives in Religious Epistemology (Ontos Verlag, Frankfurt/Oder, 2012).
Riccardo Pozzo, born in 1959, graduated at the University of Milan (1983). He obtained a doctorate at the Universität des Saarlandes (1988), the professorship at the Universität Trier (1995) and he was confirmed at the Catholic University of America (2000). In 2003 he was called to the chair of History of Philosophy, University of Verona and in 2009 he became Director of the Institute for European Intellectual Lexicon and History of Ideas at CNR. He has written monographic studies on Renaissance (Schwabe, 2011), Enlightenment (Frommann-Holzboog, 2000), Kant (Lang, 1989), Hegel (La Nuova Italia, 1989) and articles published on «Archiv für Begriffsgeschichte», «American Catholic Philosophical Quarterly», «Berichte zur Wissenschaftsgeschichte», «Giornale critico della filosofia italiana», «Hegel-Jahrbuch», «History of Science», «History of Universities», «Intersezioni», «Jahrbuch für Universitätsgeschichte», «Journal of the History of Philosophy», «Kant-Studien», «Medioevo», «Philosophia», «Quaestio», «Review of Metaphysics», «Rivista di storia della filosofia», «Studi Kantiani» and «Topoi».
Samek Lodovici, Giacomo
Giacomo Samek Lodovici (Gemelli Prize 1999) is Lecturer in History of Moral doctrines and Researcher in Moral Philosophy at the Catholic University of Milan. He writes for various scientific reviews and is the author of several articles. His academic monographs are: La felicità del bene. Una rilettura di Tommaso d’Aquino, Vita e Pensiero, Milan 2002; L’utilità del bene. Jeremy Bentham, l’utilitarismo e il consequenzialismo, Vita e Pensiero, Milan 2004; Il ritorno delle virtù. Temi salienti della Virtue Ethics, ESD, Bologna 2009; L’emozione del bene. Alcune idee sulla virtù, Vita e Pensiero, Milan 2010. His last work on the virtues is Virtue at the Crossroads of Experience, Reason and Trust, in F. Botturi (ed.), Understanding human experience: reason and faith, Peter Lang, Bern et al. 2012, pp. 81-101.
He is Full Professor of Philosophy of Language at the Faculty of Arts (University of Parma). His interests are focused on analytic philosophy and in particular on philosophy of language, semantic of belief inscription, the reference and the theory of truth, moral philosophy. Some of his articles have been published on The Journal of Philosophy, Nous, Synthese, Dialectica. He is founding member of the European Society for Analytic Philosophy (ESAP) and of the Italian Society for Analytic Philosophy (SIFA).
Scotti Muth, Nicoletta
Nicoletta Scotti Muth is Researcher in History of Ancient Philosophy and teaches History of Ancient Metaphysics at the Catholic University of Milan. She studied at the Catholic University of Milan, at the International Academy of Philosophy (Dallas) and at the LMU in Munich(Humbolt-Stipendium), where her education focussed on the development of ancient thought and on some correlate topics in contemporary philosophy. She studied the platonic tradition (Proclus), the link between empiricism and phenomenology in the theory of knowledge (R.M. Chisholm), the history of the interpretations of Aristotle’s Metaphysics, the connection between Greek tradition and ancient Eastern culture. She is principal editor of the Italian edition of Ordine e Storia (OS) of Eric Voegelin. She has recently edited the miscellaneous volume Prima della filosofia. She translated into italian important works by Robert Spaeman, Martha Nussbaum, Werner Baierwaltes, Thomas Szlezak, and Frede-Patzig’s commentary to the book Z of Aristotle’s Metaphysics. She collaborates with the Voegelin-Zentrum fur Politik, Philosophie und Religion at LMU (Geschwister-Scholl-Institut).
Roger Scruton (1944), English philosopher and polemicist, was professor of Aesthetics at Birkbeck College, University of London, he is currently Research Professor at the Institute for the Psychological Sciences, where he teaches philosophy. Since long time he has been involved in supporting dissidents in Eastern Europe and in political and cultural debates. He has directed for many years the Salisbury Review. Among his many books, the following have been translated into Italian: Guida filosofica per tipi intelligenti (Cortina, 1998), L’Occidente e gli altri. La globalizzazione e la minaccia terroristica (Vita e Pensiero, 2004), Manifesto dei conservatori (Cortina, 2007), Gli animali hanno diritti? (Cortina, 2008); La cultura conta. Fede e sentimento in un mondo sotto assedio (Vita & Pensiero, 2008); Bevo dunque sono. Guida filosofica al vino (Cortina, 2010).
He was born in Berlin in 1927. He studied Philosophy, History and Literature in various German universities and in Paris. He obtained his doctorate in Münster, where he studied under Joachim Ritter. He took part in the Collegium Philosophicum directed by Ritter, together with Hermann Lübbe, Odo Marquard, Ernst-Wolfgang Böckenförde. After Habilitierung (1962) he taught Philosophy in Stuttgart, Heidelberg and Munich where he has become emeritus professor in 1992. During his academic career he was also visiting professor in Salzburg and in Rio de Janeiro. His works have been translated into many languages. His interests are focused on the nature and the manifestation of modernity, with a particular attention to its anthropological and ethical dimensions. He is author of Glück und Wohlwollen. Versuch über Ethik (Klett-Cotta, 1989) and Personen. Versuche über den Unterschied zwischen ‘etwas’ und ‘jemand’ (Klett-Cotta 1996), Das unsterbliche Gerücht. Die Frage nach Gott und der Aberglaube der Moderne (Klett-Cotta, 2007). The editor Klett-Cotta has recently started to publish his essays and lectures in the volume Schritte über uns hinaus. Gesammelte Reden und Aufsätze I (2010).
Wisława Szymborska was born on 1923 in Prowent, Poland (present-day Bnin, Kórnik, Poland). Her family moved to Cracow in 1931. From 1945 until 1948 she studied Polish literature and sociology at the Jagiellonian University. In 1945, she published her first poem Szukam słowa (“Looking for a word”) in a daily newspaper, Dziennik Polski. In 1948 Szymborska married the chief editor of the newspaper, Adam Włodek (1922-1986), from which she divorced in 1954: she subsequently enetered a relation with the writer Kornel Filipowicz (1913-1990). In 1952 she published her first volume of poetry Dlatego żyjemy (That is what we are living for), and she became a member of the Polish United Workers’ Party (PZPR). The following year, Szymborska joined the staff of the literary review magazine Życie Literackie (Literary Life). In 1966 she left the PZPR after the philosopher Leszek Kołakowski was thrown out the party. Forced to resign her job as the poetry editor of Życie Literackie, from 1968 Szymborska ran her own book review column, called Lektury Nadobowiązkowe (Nonrequired reading). collection of essays Lektury nadobowiązkowehas been published in book form of a book five times (1973, 1981, 1992, 1996, 2002). In 1954 was published her second book of poetry, Pytania zadawane sobie (Questions asked to oneself). As soon as in 1960 Szymborska started to run, together with the literary critic Włodzimierz Maciąg, the anonimous column Poczta literacka (Literary mails), where she answered to the letters of amatorial poets. Szymborska published twelve books of poetry and seven antologies: Dlatego żyjemy(1952), Pytania zadawane sobie(1954), Wołanie do Yeti(Calling the Yeti, 1957), Sól(Salt, 1962), Wiersze wybrane(Selected poetry, 1964), Poezje wybrane(Selected poems, 1967), Sto pociech(Big fun, 1967), Poezje(Poems, 1970), Wszelki wypadek(Any case, 1972), Wybór wierszy(Selected poems, 1973), Tarsjusz i inne wiersze(Tarsius and other poems, 1976), Wielka liczba(Great number, 1976), Poezje wybrane II(Selected poems II, 1983), Ludzie na moście(People on a bridge, ). Koniec i początek(The end and the beginning, 1993), Widok z ziarnkiem piasku. 102 wiersze(View with a grain of sand, 1996), Chwila(Moment, 2002), Dwukropek (Column, 2005), Zmysł udziału(A sense of participation, 2006), Tutaj(Here, 2009), Milczenie roślin (The silence of the plants, 2011). She also published one volume of Poczta literacka czyli jak zostać (lub nie zostać) pisarzem (Literary post, or how to become (or not to become) a writer, 2000) and Rymowanki dla dużych dzieci (Nursery rhymes for grown up children, 2003). Szymborska not only wrote poetry, but also translated it, both form French and Hebrew. She was awarded the Goethe Prize in 1991 and the Herder Prize in 1995. In 1995 also entered, as a full member, the Academy of Arts and Science (PAU) of Cracow, and was bestowed the honrary title of Philosophy Doctor by the Adam Mickiewicz University of Poznań. In 1996 she received the Polish Pen Pal Prize and – four days later – the Nobel Prize for Literature. She has been bestowed the title of Knight of the Polonia Restituta Order, the Order of the White Eagle Order and the Gloria Artis Gold Medal. She has passed away in her house, in Cracow, on February 1st, 2012. Her works have been translated into Englis, French, German, Russian, Swedish, Damish, Italian, Hebrew, Czech, Slovak, Serbo-croatian, Rumenian, Bulgarian.
Torralba, José María
José María Torralba is professor in the Department of Philosophy at the Universidad de Navarra and visiting scholar at the University of Chicago. He is the author of Libertad, objeto práctico y acción. La facultad del juicio en la filosofía moral de Kant (Olms, Hildesheim 2009) and Acción intencional y razonamiento práctico según G. E. M. Anscombe (Eunsa, Pamplona 2005). He has published Natural Natural Law: Historical, Systematic and Juridical Approaches (Cambridge Scholars Publishing, Newcastle 2008; with A. N. García y M. Silar), and the text by G. E. M. Anscombe, La filosofía analítica y la espiritualidad del hombre. Lecciones en una Universidad de Navarra (Eunsa, Pamplona 2005; with Jaime Nubiola). His interests are focused on moral philosophy, theory of action, practical reason and the social sciences, Kant, Hegel and Anscombe.
Neil Turnbull is Principal Lecturer in Philosophy at Nottingham Trent University. He is the author of many philosophical and theoretical-social essays, and he is also editor of Radical Orthodoxy: Theology, Philosophy, Politics. He was editor of the series of texts Manifestos and he also worked as editor for the journals Theory, Culture and Society and Body and Society. His current research concerns the relationship between philosophy and modernity. He is currently writing two books on the ‘metaphysics of science’ and on ‘secularism’.
van Inwagen, Peter
He is John Cardinal O’Hara Professor of Philosophy at Notre Dame University. He also taught at Syracuse University. Van Inwagen is one of the most eminent analytic thinkers in Metaphysics, Philosophy of action and religion. In 2002 he was appointed lecturer at the prestigious Gifford Lectures at the University of St. Andrews. He is the author of An Essay of Free Will, Clarendon, Oxford 1983; Material Beings, Cornell University Press, Ithaca 1990; Metaphysics, Westview, Boulder 1993 (following editions: 2002 and 2008); God, Knowledge and Mystery: Essays in Philosophical Theology, Cornell University Press, Ithaca 1995; The Possibility of Resurrection and Other Essays in Christian Apologetics, Westview, Boulder 1998; Ontology, Identity, and Modality: Essays in Metaphysics, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge 2002; The Problem of Evil, Clarendon, Oxford 2006 (Gifford Lectures 2002) also online. Metaphysics (last edition) is the first translation of his works in Italian (being published by Edizioni Cantagalli, Siena 2011).
He is one of the main thinkers in the field of contemporary phenomenology. He studied in various universities in Germany and in France (in particular in Paris, where he worked with Merleau-Ponty). He became professor at the University of Munich and he was appointed Full Professor at the University of Bochum in 1976, where since 1999 he is Emeritus Professor. His phenomenological researches are focused on the topics of the extraneousness and the extraneous, in particular in relationship to the body, the language, the concept of modernity and intercultural relations. The following volumes are available in Italian: Fenomenologia dell’estraneità (Vivarium, Napoli 2002), Estraniazione della modernità. Percorsi fenomenologici di confine (Città Aperta, Troina 2005) and Fenomenologia dell’estraneo (Raffaello Cortina, Milano 2008). A volume containing his lectures given at the Scuola di Alta Formazione Filosofica (Turin) is expected to be print.
Linda Zagzebski is George Lynn Cross Research Professor of Philosophy and Kingfisher College Chair of the Philosophy of Religion and Ethics at the University of Oklahoma. She is past President of the Society of Christian Philosophers and past President of the American Catholic Philosophical Association. Among her many endowed lectures, she has given the Romanell Lectures of Phi Beta Kappa (2005), the McCarthy Lectures at the Gregorian University in Rome (2006), the Wilde Lectures in Natural and Revealed Religion at Oxford (2010), and the Kaminski Lectures at the John Paul II Catholic University of Lublin, Poland (2012). Her books include The Dilemma of Freedom and Foreknowledge, (Oxford University Press, 1991), Virtues of the Mind (Cambridge University Press, 1996), Divine Motivation Theory (Cambridge University Press, 2004), Philosophy of Religion: An Historical Introduction (Blackwell, 2007), and On Epistemology (Wadsworth, 2008), as well as many edited books and articles in virtue epistemology, philosophy of religion, and virtue ethics. Her most recent book is Epistemic Authority: A Theory of Trust, Authority, and Autonomy in Belief, forthcoming, Oxford University Press.